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o. 12 



Published Once a Month by the Commercial Press, Limited 

Vol. 2 


No. 12 

/^ C^ ^dEL^^ T^ 



Detached Solid Brick House of 

Elxcellent Design — 1 1 

Town Planning Conference at 

Edmonton — 1 4 

Correspondence and Discussions — I 5 

Artistic Panels at Montreal Ware- 
rooms of Standard Ideal Co. — 1 6 

Amendment to Regina Building 

By-Law — 1 6 

Banquet of St Catharines' 

Builder's Exchange 1 6 

Pulpstone — 16 

Design of Cement Block Farm 

House at Low Cost — 1 7 

Editorial — Town Planning — 18 

Carpentry and Woodworking— 1 9 

Using Steel Square as Mitre 

Birch as a Door Material 

Something New for Sash and Blind Manufactucers 

Waterproofing Floors 

Building in Vancouver 

Brick Work, Concrete Work 

and Plastering — 2 I 

The Use of Joints 

Hardwall Plaster 

How to Patch a Concrete Floor 

Stain for Pressed Brick Fronts 

Chimneys and Flues — A Fable for Builders 

Builders' and Contractors' Machinery and Supplies 

New Equipment and Supplies — 23 

Stains. By F. Sturgeon 

" Peerless '* Hangers and Fasteners 

Builders' Hardware 

A New Book of Plans— 25 

Large Sheet Metal Firms are 

Consolidated — 26 

Season's Greetings to Our 

Readers— 26 

The Architect's Specification and 
the Builder— 26 




December, 1912 

The Line of Progress 

Our line of prepared plasters, put on the market about eighteen months ago, has fully proven that quality is 
appreciated by the up-to-date contractor and plasterer, as well as by the general building public. The 

Modern Plastering Materials 

Paristone and Pulpstone 

Ne«t, Haired 

Wood Fibre 

Hardwall Plasters 

are made from a gypsum cement. They are much stronger than any other brands of hardwall on the 
market, and far too superior to be in any way compared with lime mortar. On account of the unusual 
density of the rock from which they are made, they will carry more sand than any other brand, and unlike 
lime and the whiter grades of hardwall plasters they will not go stale or deteriorate if held in stock. 
Remember The strong grey gypsum rock 's mined only by us at Caledonia, Ont. 60,000 tons of 
Gypsum products shipped in the last tweloe months. 

Use "Standard White" Plaster Paris 

Modern Plasters will save your valuable lime 
Enquiries Solicited 

The Alabastine Company, Limited 

Sales Office: PARIS, ONT. 

Mines and Mills: CALEDONIA, ONT. 

Please address all enquires for the City of Toronto to Alabastine Hardmorlar Limited, East Toronto, Ont. 

^ |3^ J 



Iron Work 

Iron Stairs 

Fire Escapes 

Balcony Railings 


Wire Work 
for Buildings 


The GEO. B. MEADOWS, Toronto, Wire, Iron and Brass Works Co., Limited 


December, 1912 


Midland Planing Mill i roducts 

The Largest Plant in Canada, Manufacturing Planing Mill Products 
(Located in the Heart of the Canadian Lumbering District) 

Prices Are Going Up 


Get Our Price at Once. Send 
m your bill of materials to-day and 
we will quote you on the entire bill 
delivered m a mixed car lot. 

In Saves Freight, Money 
and Worry 




Dollars in Your Pockets 

We have a proposition for every builder in the country 
which will put dollars m every pocket. Ask us about it 
if you are interested in making money. 

Then too, we have with us one of the most efficient farm 
building architects in Canada. His services and advice are 
open to everyone. Write to us and we will have him give 
you all the information you want about buildings. He is 
well versed in the erections of all kinds of buildings and 
will be pleased at any time to give complete specifications, 
blue prints, etc. 

This expert works only with builders and is at the services 
of our local agents at all times. 

If you are not an agent of ours — write us anyway — perhaps 
we can get together and help each other. 

It only costs a post card to get our proposition — or better 
yet just fill out the coupon below and the information will 
go to you by return mail. 

The Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Ltd. 

Preston, Ont. 

Please give me full information in regard to your proposition as 
mentioned in The Canadian Builder. 



December, 1912 


Ideal Barn Plans 

A Few Copies Left for Free Distribution 

From time to time in this magazine you have seen some of 
the plans taken from our handsome booklet, Ideal Barn 

We still have about two hundred copies of this book 
w^hich we will be glad to send to subscribers of this 

Builders and farmers who got this book this year have 
written us that it has been a great help to them in their 
work. If it will help you we shall be glad to send you a 
copy free of all charges. 

If you want any further information in regard to our 
materials after you get the book just write us. 

The Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Ltd. 

Preston, Ont. 

Please send me a copy of your Ideal Barn Plans as advertised in 
Canadian Builder. 



Address Occupation.. 


December, 1012 

Take a 
Gift of 
6 Men's 
for a 

Discover on your own work 
at nut risk, how you can cut 
wood-working costs %vith an 

Saw Rig 

I.ft ir prove for a week. free, that it will save six skilled 
carpenters" wages doing all kinds of sawing, iointing. 
mitering, bevelling, dadoing, etc.. etc. (Gallon of gasoline 
runs it a day. Really portable and fitted with big outfit 
of free attachments. Earns S25 a week for many builders 
Test It a Week Free 

OSHKOSH MFG. CO - 520 So. Main St. 

Oshkosh. Wisconsin, U.S.A. 


Parks Portable Single and Combination 

Woodworking Outfits 

We are the originators of tlie Circular Saw. Band Saw. 
Jointer Combination ; oxir latest innovation Swing Cut-ofF Saw 
on same base : long table surface ; saw pulls across timber instead 
of two men pushing long timbers across saw. All machines 
ready for instant use. Patents on improvements applied for. 

Machines are made in large 

quantities which enable us to 
sell at lowest prices and make 
immediate shipment. Ask for 
catalog and you will find that 
we have also led in the greatest 
iiniuovenienls in Foot and 
Hand Power Circular Saw. 
Band Saw, Mortising and Ten- 
oning Machines, etc. 

Circuia* Rip and 
Cross-Cut Saw. 
Swing Cut-off Saw, 
Bonng andTenoning 
machine, with either 
6 or 12 inch Jointer; 
22 or 36 inch Band 
Saw and other valu- 
able attachments can 
be added. 

No.:«SP 1^- ^^^ 


The Parks Ball Bearing Machine Co. 

1501 Knowlton St., Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A. 

The Elliot Scroll Saw and 

Cuts 2 inch thick 

Isn't this a machine you 
could use to great advantage 

This shaper can be set 
up in 2 minutes. Can be 
operated with '4 or ' j ' ■,"ir>''' 
h.p. motor, or by belt 
drive, or run by the Elliot 

Write for Price and 
Full Particulars 

The Elliot 

p'rr.c A ,..,0 P. . .us Woodworker 

Patented Canada, 1910; Patents pending U.S. 

Cross Cuts, Rips, Miters, Dados, Bores and Grinds. Will also house out Stair String in any wood. 


Will Save You 30 ' of your Labor. 
200 using them, why not you ? 

W. A. ELLIOT Corner of Bathurst and College Streets TORONTO 

December, 1912 


Building Contractor Agents 

To use and sell our 

Concrete Mixers 

Sold on absolute free trial. 

Your money stays in the bank 
until you are satisfied that the 
machine is what we claim for it. 

Send for our catalog of Monarch 
Mixers, Batch Mixers, Floor 
Scraper and Contractors' Supplies. 

Monarch Mfg. Co, 

7412 Shepard Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Great for high nailing. It pays for itself 
almost at once. Make money using it. 

Double Claw Hammer 

To be obtained from 
all Dealers 


Pulls the nail 
out straight 
without a 


Save *12 per 1000 Ff. 

k^ /\ U .1 r 4 T!<l • ^ 


DV using the "Weber." the saving in lime over hand 

work IS often mote than that. A couple of ordinary jobs 

actually save the purchase price. And the work has never 
been excelled. 



— forward or backward. Double knife 
scrapes centers of smallest rooms 
perfectly ; reaches well into base- 
^ board angles. Works perfectly at 

,\ any angle on all flooring, any way 

\\ of gram. "Shears" with- 

out side-draft, and 


useit fivedaysAari^. "^s^^^C^ ^ 
Then put it up against "^^'v'*^'*' 
any other make. If its '^^^^\ 
work isn't the best "^^^wl 

Can't Leave Waves 
in the Floor 

you ve ever seen, return jl. Wk 
Write for details. V; 


A. D. Masson, 30 St. Nicholas 

St., Quebec, Can. 
D. Masson & Co., 67 Bleury 

St.. Montreal, Can. 
Mfd. by Weber Mfg. Co.. 676 7lst 

Ave., West Allis. Wis.. U.S.A. 



What is Your 
Time Worth? 

You will know the answer 
when you use a F O X 



Because we absolutely 
guarantee that one man 

can scrape mort flooring 
than 5\x men can by hand 
work, and do it better. 


is made by the 

Fox Supply Co. 

Brooklyn, Wis. 
Sold in Canada by 


LTD., New Glasgow and North 
Sydney, Nova Scotia. 

peg, Man. 

WARE CO., Winnipeg, Man. 

SUPPLY CO.. LTD., Calgary, 

LTD.. Sarnia, Ontario. 


WARE CO., LTD.. Montreal. 

LTD.. Montreal. 

MAN. LTD.. Montreal. 


December, 1912 

Practical, Moderate-Priced 


For the Contractor y Architect^ Carpenter 

and Builder 

C. E., Ph. D., Professor of Civil Engineering, Armour 
Institute of Technology, and Austin T. Byrne, Civil 
Engineer. 145 pp., 44 lllus. Cloth binding. A hand- 
i,)Ook of practical information for Stonemasons, Stone- 
cutter!!, Bricklayers. Cement and Concrete Workers, 
etc., embodying the latest and best American prac- 
tice. It describes the various kinds of building stone; 
manufacture of brick, cement, and mortar; methods 
of test; foundation work, pile-driving; dam and wall 
construction; arch and bridge construction; reinforced 
concrete, etc. Price $1.00 


'-i ',' 

STEEL CONSTRUCTION. By E. A. Tucker, S. B., Archi- 
tectural Engineer, American Society of Civil Engi- 
neers. 308 pp., 287 lllus. Cloth binding. An up-to- 
date work containing a fund of invaluable practical 
information based on actual experience, special test, 
etc., for the use of Architects, Bridge Builders, Con- 
tractors, and Civil Engineers. This book will be 
found a most complete and serviceable guide cover- 
ing every phase of the use of steel in structural work 
of all sorts, steel shapes, and fireproof construction; 
calculation of shapes; frame connections and details; 
foundations; high-building construction; mill building, 
etc. Price $1-50 

CARPENTRY. By Gilbert Townsend, S. B., with Ross & 
McFarlane, Montreal. 160 pp., 224 lllus. Cloth binding. 
A working manual for Carpenters and Woodworkers 
in general. Giving complete practical instruction in 
the selection of the various kinds of lumber, layout of 
the house, construction of the frame, floors, roof, win- 
dows, gables, etc., with abundant suggestions of prac- 
tical value to everybody. Not a theoretical treatise, 
but a practical working guide. Price $1.00 

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS. By Edward Rose Maurer, 
B, C. E., Professor of Mechanics, University of Wis- 
consin. 150 pp., 58 lllus. Cloth binding. A work of 
gre.Tt value to Architects, Builders, Designers, Steel 
and Concrete Workers. Strength of timber, wrought 
iron, steel, cast iron, brick, stone, etc., under all loads; 
strength of built-up sections; strength of beams, col- 
umns, shafts, riveted Joints, etc. Price $1.00 

PLUMBING. By William Beall Gray, Sanitary Engineer, 
and Charles B. Ball. Chief Sanitary Inspector, City of 
Chicago, American Society of Civil Engineers. 256 pp., 
250 illus. Cloth binding. How to select the fixtures 
for jobs of any size; the installation and repair of hot 
and cold house-water supply, siphoning and antlslph- 
oning traps; diagrams of pipe connections; septic 
tanks; drains; soil pipes; pipe fitting; wiping joints; 
gas fittings; plumbing regulations. Price $1.50 


.„>CK00i,y<'»«'J^';^ ^ 

Send order to 


Canadian Builder Book Depsurtment 

32 Colborne Street, Toronto 

December, 191 2 




for Concrete 

IS especially adapted for mak- 
ing building blocks, cement 
plastering, cellar walls, 

cistern linings and all other work where resistance to water 

is required. 

The cost of the Waterproofing is more 
than offset by the saving in cement which 
MEDUSA allows. 

For instance :- 

Hollow concrete blocks, made with one per cent. Waterproofing and 
five parts sand and gravel resist water better than blocks made in the 
proportion of I to 2 without the Waterproofing. 

Figure the saving! Isn't it worth while to obtain all the 
best Waterprooj qualities for your cement worl^ when this 
economy may also be had? 

Medusa does NOT affect the strength, color or setting of Portland Cement 

Manufactured by 


Builders' Supply Co. 


M ontreal 

lOth Floor E. T. Bank Building 

Medusa costs 12 cents per lb. f.o.b. 

Montreal with liberal discounts 

on quantities 





Bostwick-Brown Hardware Co. Building'. Toledo, Ohio. Walls and floor :' 
20 ft. below water level. "Medusa" Waterproofing used in basements. 



Decemlier, 1912 




This cut shown is put up in Clear and No. 1 grades. 

Specifications : 



Our slock inside doors are six cross, flat panels and four 
panels (one cross top, two upright and one cross bottom). 
Put up in No. 1 , 2 and 3 grades. Our grades are much 
above the standard. 

Write for catalogue. Can ship immediatley 




Private Exchange 


208 MAIN ST. 


Made bi 

MAJOK A CO . I.iii.iud 

Mull. Rneland 

Wood presefvalive and Color Stain for Shingles and outside woodwork 

in greens, reds and browns 
(;ciiicnt Coatings, paints for t]\v\.\\ .ind foi- waterproofing 



Itladc li\ 

Randall Bros., London, Eng. 

A lacquer Enamel attributes : -- 

Brilliant Surface 
Washable and Sanitary 

All different colors for 
inside and outside use 

Cheap as Paint 

Solo .\Kents: 







"Daddy of Them All" 

35,000 Builders and Contractors 

say so, and are using our 

"Little Giant" 

Floor Scrapers 

Why not you ? They never fail. 
Absolutely guaranteed. Write us 
to-day for further information 

No Experiment 

A machine sent to \jou FREE 
No expense or obligation attached 

Hurley Machine Co., Limited 

Atlantic Ave., Toronto 

L'lx - 

December, 1912 



Solid Brick House 
of Excellent Design 

Erected foT 
Mr. }. J. Salmond 


Page & Warrington 


THE beautiful panoramic view from the hall of 
the house reeentl}^ completed in Eglintou, Out., 
for Jlr. J. J. Salmond, i.s one of the features of 
the house. It gives the pleasing impression that 
it is a home rather than a house with the l)eamed ceil- 
ings of the hall and dining room; the French doors 
of these rooms, and the plain neat oak trim ; the view 
of the living room with its fireplace and bookcase, and 
the beautiful effect of the lantern-lights and their soft 
amber light. With the dark fumed oak furnishings 
of the dining room and the easy chairs is an air of 
coziness that is carried throughoTxt the whole house 
in the arrangement, the construction and the finishing. 
The house contains a number of excellent features that 
should be of interest to readers generall.v. 

The house, which is 31 x 36 feet exclusive of ver- 
andahs, is situated in Eglinton on a lot 110 feet wide 
and 195 feet deep. The house is set back 65 feet from 
tlie walk, has 17 feet on the west side for a driveway, 
and ground on the east side for a tennis court- The 
south and east are bordered with pine trees, giving an 
excellent "setting" to the house. 

Exterior Features. 

The house is solid brick construction with a 14-ineh 
brick foundation, waterproofed by hot pitch. All win- 
dow openings have artificial stone sills, and all exterior 
door openings have sills of Bedford limestone. 

The front verandah is 8 x 18 feet with double fluted 
pillars of Batt's design at either end. The rear veran- 
dah is 8 feet 4 inches x 16 feet, over which is a sun 
room. The front and rear verandahs have IVi-inch 
-pine flooring and yg-inch pine ceiling. The rear ver- 
andah and sun room have brick piers and shingled 
railing sheeted with %-inch pine on the inside. 

The roof is constructed of 2x8 ridge pieces and 2 
X 6 rafters, and sheeted with matched hemlock sheet- 
ing The main roof is covered with Quebec cedar 
shingles laid 41/2 inches to the weather on 14 lb. ply 
asbestos paper, doubled at eaves and ridges. The 
roofs of sunroom and verandah are covered with 14 
oz. canvas bedded in lead and oil paint and covered 
with three coats of paint. 

To relieve the solid brick wall, four courses of bricks 
are extended a distance of one inch. In addition this 
"band" of brick areund the house gives it a bungalow 
effect. Another feature that intensifies this effect is 
the flaring or bell roof, bell-shaped pieces extending 

from the rafters. These rafters are exposed to view, 
and with the brackets, give an artistic finish to the 
roof. This construction gives the roof the effect of 
an umbrella, the wide bell-.shaped roof keeping the 
rain awa.v from the windows. 

The Basement. 

Tlie arrangement of the l)asement is shown in one 
of the drawings. The fruit, laundry and furnace 
rooms are distinctly separate. The house is heated 
by a No. 6 King boiler. In the laundry are permanent 
tubs and a lavatory. The entrance to the basement 
is through the kitchen. 

The basement floor is laid with a Portland cement 
concrete floor consisting of a 6-inch bed of broken 
bricks, etc.. well pounded down, tlien 4 inches of aon- 
i-rete 6 to 1, and then 1 inch floated face 4 to 1. fin- 
ished smooth and evenly graded to grating. 

The drains are laid as shown in the basement plan 
and consist of salt glazed vitrified drain pipe, jointed 
in Portland cement and connected to sewer. 

Interior Construction. 

Reference has been made to the general excellent 
effect of the construction and finish. All the floors 
and walls are rigidly suported. Ground floor .joists 
are 2 x 10; the first floor joists, 2x8; ceiling joLsts, 
2x6; and verandah floor joists 2 x 8. Joists, rafters, 
studs, and other similar timbers are placed with 16- 
inch centres. The wooden walls and partitions are of 
the following sized lumber: plates, doors, angle and 
window studs, 4x4; common studs and braces, 2x4, 
all braced together. The studding is bridged twice 
in height with 2x4 bridging. 

Throughout the house there has been laid a %-inch 
pine floor T. & G. In the halls, jiarlor, living room 
and dining room and for 18 inches border around 
three main bedrooms, there are red oak floors %-ineh 
in thickness, scraped and polished. 

The vestibule floor is laid in tile to blend with the 
general treatment of the woodwork, green and buff 
])eing the dominant colors in this floor. This work 
was done by Robinson & Co., Colborne St., Toronto. 

The main stair has fi/^-inch nosed treads, % risers, 
and 114 strings of oak. The back stairs have 114-inch 
square edged treads and yg-inch risers of pine. The 
front stairs have seven steps to a landing where there 
are two casement windows. From the landing to the 



December, 1912 

first floor are nine steps. There are twelve steps in 
the basement stairs. In the stair to the first floor 
there are sixteen steps. In the basement there is a 
headroom of 7 feet 6 inches. The ground floor has 
10 feet and the first floor has a headroom of 9 feet. 

Where box frames are installed, they consist of 1%- 
inch Ovalo sash, double hung in box frames, the re- 
mainder of the windows throughout are 134-inch case- 
ment sash with small lights, hung in stock casement 
frames with mullions and transoms. The casement 
sash are fitted with water stop and iron water bars. 
All casement sash open by swinging as shown in the 
jilans and the frames are rabitted for storm sash. 

The doors are of stock design, veneered to corre- 
spond with the scheme of trim, except the front vesti- 
bule door, the door between the hall and dining room, 
and the door between the dining room and verandah, 
which are, as shown in detail drawing, French dooi-s 
containing 42 lights. The outside doors are hung in 

solid rabitted frames and inside doors of 114-iTich 
.iambs with stops planted. All interior doors are 1% 
inches. The front entrance door is 2i/4-inch pine, and 
oak inside. 

The living room mantle is shown in one of the ac- 
companying drawings. Tlie mantle has a 2-inch oak 
.shelf supported on moulded brackets with wood strip 
panelling. On each side of the mantle are built in 
bookcases with drawers below. 

In the dining room there is a double grooved plate 
rail with member for picture mould below of stock 
design. In the dining room as well as the hall are 
beam ceilings built up of yg-inch oak boards, as shown 
in the detail drawing. 

Some of the Convenient Schemes Adopted. 

The servery cabinets are shown in the detail draw- 
ing. It has glass doors and li/j^-inch white wood 
shelves. A feature in the servery Ls the refrigeration 

TfalPmCL rOK J. J.5flLM0M) Ibo 

i/^GLtncfliK/i flvr/iuc. 








T'lf^LT- lMCT-\ H74D 
T-lRL.r- rULL 3IZ.E:. 

Cb^reDtRATioM Life Boildinc 

December, 1912 





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oc— 4-.S.S-— K^^ 

^f-Oi^ J.-5r>t^-g,^^.^3-a 

4*--f 3 »p— tC 4" /.g^ .8* 4— .O.C ^^.»- 

,0 ft -+ -C *■ - 



December, 1912 

and its relation to the outside. At the back of the 
servery is an opening in the brick wall, with door of 
two thiekness(!s Mith air space of 1 inch, through wliich 
the ice is put in from the outside- Below the refrig- 
erator is a pan which receives the drip and is sufficient 
for two days ' drip. 

There are a number of special features which de- 
serve mention. These include a soiled clothes chute, 
a full-length mirror in the owner's chamber, and a 
similar one in the door of the coat closet in the ground 
floor hall : a medicine chest with door mirror in the 
bathroom, and a bathroom cupboard with five shelves 
for bath room supplies. Another feature is a free en- 
trance to the sunroom by means of a back hall as 
shown in the first floor plan instead of having to pass 
through a room. 

Ail clothes closets are on outside walls and are fitted 
with windows for purposes of ventilation. Each closet 
is fitted with an electric light. There is thus light 
both day and at night when necessary. 

The entrance to the attic is in rear hall. It is 
reached through a scuttle. There is a batten trap door 
neatly trimmed, the ai'rangement being counter- 

Finish and Lighting of the Various Rooms. 

The finish of the room.s is also of interest. The 
room of Mr. and Mrs. Salmond is mahogany and white ; 
the boys' room is tinted green with Flemish oak; the 
guest room in white enamel and the girls' room in 
oak. The halls, including the stairs, are fumed oak 
like the living room, which is fumed oak in a light 
tint. The reception room is also finished a light tint, 
the dining room being finished in a darker shade. 
The bath room is finished in white enamel, and the 
kitchen and servery are oiled and varnished. 

The lighting fixtures are features that deserve spe- 
cial mention. They are of lantern effect, giving a soft 
amber light. A photo shows the arrangement in the 
hall which shows the effect better than it can be des- 

In the dining room there are lights at the intersec- 
tion of the beams in addition to the centre cluster. 

For the piano there is a special light which lights the 
music without a shadow such is obtained when there 
is a centre light only. All lights are controlled from 
the doorways. 

In the dining room is a combination floor plug with 
table extension for signalling the maid with buzzer. 
In the kitchen, also, is an annunciator with connec- 
tions to front door, bathroom and owner's bedroom. 

Reference has been made to the pleasing vista of 
the whole ground floor that may be obtained from the 
vestibule. This is a useful as well as attractive ar- 
rangement as it insures an excellent circulation of air 
in summer. Ventilation in the living room, dining 
room and hall is secured by means of drop windows 
mounted above the casements. All outside doors and 
windows are fitted with metal weather stripping put 
on by Wm. Mallott Weather Strip Co., Toronto. 

The painting, decorating and glazing was carried 
out by Hughes & Co., 884 Yonge St., Toronto. 

licar view of Mr. Salmond's lionse. v 

Town Planning Conference at Edmonton 

On November 16 and 17 a Town Planning confer- 
ence was held at Edmonton. At this conference a 
permanent organization was formed with the follow- 
ing officers: — 

Patrons : His Honor Lieutenant-Governor Bulyea ; 
the Hon. Arthur L. Sifton, premier; the Hon. A. Mich- 
euer, leader of the opposition. 

Hon. Presidents — William Pearce, D.L.S., Calgary; 
Dr. II. M. Tory, Alberta University. 

President — Mayor Geo. S. Armstrong, Edmonton. 

First Vice-President— Mayor J. W. Mitchell, Cal- 

Second Vice-President — Superintendent of Parks 
von Auberg, Edmonton. 

Secretary-Treasurer — G. Wray Lemon, Calgary. 

The object of this association was stated in the re- 
port of the committee on organization: — ■ 

"The objects of this association are to aid munici- 
palities in their improvement and extension to insure 
a proper development of the town or city on hygieni'^, 
convenient and artistic lines, and to secure legislation 
looking to that end." 

Four sessions were held, but the most satisfactory 
to all concerned was the Saturday morning session, 
when, as a Camrose man said, "They got down to 
brass tacks." Mayor Mitchell presided at this and 
the concluding session, in the absence of Edmonton's 
chief civic officer, and proved a very firm but fair 
chairman, holding the meeting well in hand and re- 
fusing to allow interminable discussion over non-essen- 
tia's— those alluring little by-paths of thought which 
some men love to explore. 

Digest of Legislation. 

Clifford T. Jones, of (Jalgury, opened the legislative 
version with an admirable address upon "Legislation 
lor Town Planning," in which he gave a digest of the 
Ccnnan. British and Canadian acts dealing with this 
iiiiportant phase of city di'V(']o|nnent. He commended 
hiuhlv the John Burns' "Town Planning Act of 1909," 
and stated that all Canadian legi.slation must be mod- 
elled upon it; though, of course, with adaptions to 
suit Canadian conditions. Mr. Jones was followed by 
Mr. Geo. P. Smith, M.P.P., of Camrose, who explained 
lis "Alberta Towns Act" of 1911, which failed to pass 
the provincial legislature. 

These resolutions were endorsed by the town plan- 
ning conventions: — 

That the Alberta government be asked to pass a 

December, 1912 



town ]ilaniiing Act modelled after the British Act, 
as was done by the Province of New Brunswick. 

That the convention endorse the principles of the 
"Town Site and Sulxlivisiou Act" presented last year 
by Mr. Smith, and would urge a thorough consider- 
ation of this bill at the coming session. 

That the minimum width of lots in this ]irovince be 
33 1-3 feet, and that legislation embodying this be, if 
possible, secured. 

That a recommendation be sent to the Dominion 
Government and the Conservation Commission, urging 
the advisability of reserving a strip of land on each 
side of all rivers and along the shores of all lakes, so 
as to protect their public utilization. 

Correspondence and Discussions 

Readers are invited to send replies to questions 
asked by readers of The Canadin Builder and these 
will be paid for at regular editorial rates. Anyone 
desiring the names of firms manufacturing certain lines 
will lie answered in this de]iartment. 

Comments on articles pultlished in The Canadian 
Builder are welcomed and all letters containing good 
ideas will be paid for. — Editor. 

Front elevation of Mr. Salmond's house. 

An Interesting Series of Articles. 

A series of very interesting articles will be written 
on finishing of woodwork, metal, concrete, and the 
"Paint Question" generally. Readers are cordially 
requested to write us and ask questions on any point, 
and we shall be glad to give them any information 

A Plea for the Paint Trade. 

Luckily during the last few years all trades in the 
Dominion have been kept pretty well rushed with 
business, and none more so than the building trade 
This has been the cause of some of the branches being 
somewhat neglected by the builder. The painting end 
is that which I am particularly interested ia and the 
one on which I am most entitled to speak. In the 
course of canvassing the trade so many times, one 
hears the remark. "I leave that to my painter." Now 
is this good enough? You master builders take trouble 
about the good planning of your house, the founda- 
tions, the bricks, the roof, the trim, heating and plumb- 
ing, but when it comes to painting, which is the com- 
]iIetion of a good structure, are you satisfied with 
"anything will do." Surely as you patronize your 
doctor or your lawyer it would pay you to go into 
the paint end of your business and learn what is offer- 
ing to-day. Consult the manufacturers and find what 
different lines they can offer you. They are seeking 
daily to please you and give you better value than 
the "other man, and who, unlike the doctor, do not 
charge you for information you seek. — F.S. 

Mr. F. Sturgeon, of Sturgeon's, Limited, the well- 
known firm of Toronto who handle and make a spe- 
cialty of lines imported from England, is travelling 
West in January. He is appointing further agents 
and is on the lookout for "live wires" who are alile 
to interest the building trade. Among the chief lines 
this firm is handling is "Solignum" wood preservative 
and stain, made by Major & Co., Ltd., Hull, England, 
and another is "Garipan" lacquer enamel made by 
Randall Bros., of London, England. 

U-e-3"-Js-2tfJt 3' e'~» 

riRST FLOOR- Plan. 



December, IDV2 

Artistic Panels at Montreal Warerooms of 
Standard Ideal Co. 

The aceompan^-iiiti: illustrations show "The Steel 
Workers," two handsome tile panels, recently placed 
on the walls of the vestibule of the Standard Ideal 
Co. 's building, Montreal, Canada. Both are done in 
weather-resisting glazes and colors, which, of course, 
is of great imjiortanee where the_ work is exposed 
to the action of the elements in a severe climate like 
Canada. Each panel is 6 feet high and 2 feet wide, 
made of 6 x 6 tiles with a matt ivory glaze as a foun- 
dation for the coloring. Favorable comment has been 
made by "Brick and Clay Record," Chicago. 

The i^ainting is executed in matt enamel colors ap- 
plied over the glaze, one advantage of this method of 
decorating being that any style of historic mural paint- 
ing can be faithfully reproduced, whereas, with hand- 
wrought faience mosaic work, the tiles are often so 
crude in outline that the entire design is com])letely 
obliterated. Professor Charles P. Binn.s gave voice to 
his sentiments on this subject recently when he de- 
clared: "A few years ago architects and builders were 
seized with a passion for accuracy and uniformity. 
Brick must be sorted to a mechanical exactness of 
shade, roofing tile must exhibit the single color of 
painted tin, each tile matching its fellow, and wall tile 
must be so true and level that even an oblique light 
would show no undulation. A revolt was sure to come 
and architects began to search the cull piles for odd 
and freakish effects." 

"The Steel Workers" have been favorably comment- 
ed upon by various art journals, trade magazines and 

daily newsi)apers. In fact, from an artistic stand- 
point, this tile work and the method of painting is 
something quite novel. The style of Fig. 1 is some- 
what realistic, while Pig. 2 is very much the opposite 
and really quite German L'Art Nouveau in conception. 
As the panels are placed some distance apart, in the 
vestibule, two distinct styles of paintings were per- 
missible. Cartoons for both were painted and origin- 
ated by Stewart C. Hinds, the actual painting in cera- 
mic colors being done by Eugene A. DeLan. These 
artists are members of the designing staff of the Trent 
Tile Co., Trenton, N.J., which company made the tiles 
for this contract, and at the present time is doing a 
great deal of tile work in overglaze decoration. 

Amendment to Regina Building By-Law 

An amendment has been made to the Regina Build- 
ing By-law alloAving one-storey buildings to l)e erected 
in the city. The by-law stipulates that the one-storey 
buildings erected within the business district must com- 
ply with the following conditions: — 

The walls, if not over 30 feet in length, 38 feet 
apart, and 12 feet in height from floor to ceiling shall 
be of brick at least 9 inches in thickness, and shall 
have footings of concrete at least one foot in dejith 
and two feet in width. 

All one-storey buildings exceeding said dimensions 
shall have their footings increased in proportion to the 
si: e of the buildings. 

Should the walls exceed the above dimensions and 
be not less than 25 feet and not more than 50 feet 
apart, they shall be reinforced with 4"i/^-incli pilasters 
of buttresses at intervals of not less than 15 feet, or 
be increased to 13 inches throughout. 

Should the walls be 50 feet apart or over, they shall 
be at least 13 inches in thickness and reinforced with 
4i/)-inch pilasters or buttresses at intervals of at least 
15 'feet. 

The walls and partitions may be lathed with good 
lath ])rovi(led that proper fire stops be placed at the 
bottom, top, and midway, equal in thickness to the 
furring strips. 

Banquet of St. Catharines Builders' Exchange 

The first banquet of the St. Catharines Builders' Ex- 
change, at the Grand Central Hotel on November 22 
was a magnificent success. Mr. Charles Chapman, pre- 
sident of the Exchange, presided. The Exchange of 
Toronto was represented by Mr. George Gander; that 
of London, by its president, Mr. W. T. Nutkins and 
Mr. T. H. Martin, and that of Hamilton by Messrs. 
James Evans, James McNeil. Chas. Widdu]i, Wm. Mur- 
ray, Geo. P. Smith, Wm. Beveridge, R. W. Miller, R. 
W. Nicholson and A. Heatley. 

Fig. 1.— "The Steel Workers,' 
a realistic tile panel. 

F'ig. 2.— Idealistic conception 

of " The Steel Workers," 

a tile panel. 


A booklet from the Alabastine Co., Paris, Ont., sets 
forth the advantage of Pulpstone for plastering, and 
gives some interesting information in regard to it. 
One hundred pounds of Pulpstone covers from six to 
eight square yards of surface with a heavy coat. For 
inside use it is wet down with water, and for outside 
it is mixed with five to ten per cent, of Portland 

December, 1912 



A SIMPLE design of a concrete 
house, and one that, under 
ordinary conditions, can be built 
for $2,000, including heating and 
plumbing, is shown in the elevation 
and plans shown herewith. It is in 
no sense a cheap house, but has good 
lines and is particularly planned for a 
farm dwelling. The " utility hall " 
holds milk cans and the sundry articles 
that are otherwise brought into the 
kitchen. The cellar entrance is handy. 
Each bedroom has ample closets and 
there is a large storage space under 
the roof. 

A full second story could be built 
with little extra expense, thus utilizing 
the storage space for another room 
and giving a full attic above. 

The walls are of cement blocks, 
with an air space. The inner wall 

Design of a 
Cement Block 
Farm House 
of Low Cost 

Archilecl : 

A. A. Pollard, Minneapolis 

surfaces are furred and plastered. The 
outside needs no treatment. Prefer- 
ably, a plain face block should be used 
as the rock face pattern is so regular 
that the effect is tiresome. 

The farm home cannot be a dup- 
licate of the city residence, as the 
needs are very different. This plan 
is simple and suited especially to rural 
needs. The plumbing takes for grant- 
ed a pressure supply from an elevated 
tank, which is not unusual to-day 
among progressive farmers. The up- 
stairs sleeping porch is just as much 
appreciated in the country as in the 
city, where almost every house has one 
or more. The wall material is the 
same as is used m $5,000 to $ 1 0,000 
houses. Though low in cost, it makes 
an attractive wall, is proof against the 
weather and gives low heating costs. 


FiitsT Floor plan 

Second floor 



December, 1912 

The Canadian Builder 

and Carpenter 

A Practical Paper Devoted to all Branches of the 
Building Trades 

32 ('olborne Street, Toronto 

D. O. McKiNNON. President J. 0. Armer. Treasurer and Manager 
Gordon C. Keith, M.Sc. Editor. 

Representatives : 
Georoe G. Colvtn - - McKiNNON Bi.DO.. Toronto 

George H. Honsberoer - - McKinnon Bi.dg.. Toronto 
F C. Douglas Wilkes E. T. Bank Bldg., Montreal 

Subscription Rate, $1.00 per year in Canada and Great Britain 
?1.50 to the United States ; $2.00 to Foreign Countries. 
Subscribers would do us a favor by notifying us if they do 
not receive the paper regularly, so that the matter may be recti- 
fied. In notifying us of change in address, please send old as 
well as new address.. 

Advertising rates on application. 



No. 12 

Town Planning 

The Canadian Builder and Carpenter has endeavored 
to set before its readers in concise shape, the meaning 
and principles of Town "Planning." The following- 
are sections of a b.v-law discussed before the "Institute 
of Western Canada Civic Building Superintendents" 
in Calgary recentl.v. These clauses should appeal to 
builders generally. 

No apartment house shall be erected in the resi- 
dental clistriet unless the consent of two-thirds of the 
owners of the land in the block in which the erection 
is proposed is obtained. 

In no case shall any iiortion of the wall of an apart- 
ment house in the residential district be built within 
three feet of the lot line, and sub,iect to any further 
restrictions as to distance from the street or lane in 
this by-law contained. 

No apartment house shall have living rooms in base- 
ment excepting quarters for janitor, nnless basement 
ceiling is at least six feet above grade level, in which 
ease the basement shall be considered as a storey. 

At the rear of every lot containing a new apart- 
ment house there shall lie a yard open and unobstruct- 
ed from the earth to the sky. Every part of such yard 
shall be directlv accessible from every other part there- 

Every pipe or funnel for air shall be carried above 
the roof of any building in connection with which the 
same is used, and no such pipe or funnel for convey- 
ing steam or hot air shall be fixed next any public 
stre(!t or highway on the front of any building, nor 
shall any pipe, funnel or flue for conveying fire, smoke 
or hilt air be fixed on the inside of any building nearer 
than four inches to the face of any timber of roofs, 
ceilings or partitions, nor shall any funnel, pipe or 
flue pass through any timber framing or partition of 
wood, or wood and lime or through any wooden floor 
in any house, outhouse or fence or building whatever 
within the citj' unless the same shall be encircled by 
a rim of solid stone or bi-ick or metal not less than 
five inches wide and equal in thickness to the full-fin- 
ished thickness of the framing through which such 
pipes shall pass and shall terminate in a chimney of 
stone or of brick and mortar, and in no case what- 
ever shall any stovepipe be allowed to pass through 

any roof or side of any house, and in case of hot-air 
beating all wood work shall be protected from hot- 
air flues by a covering of iron, zinc or tin, leaving an 
air siiace between such woodwork and covering of at 
least one inch in width. 

The side walls of all wtioden buildings hereafter 
erected shall be placed not less than 30 inches from 
the lot lines but no wooden building shall be erected 
on a 25-foot lot of more than 19 feet in width. The 
side walls of all frame buildings hereafter erected when 
veneered with brick or stucco, as defined under the 
lot lines, provided sueh Imilding, or any part of the 
same, is used for living purposes, and provided that 
light or air are supjilied to any room or rooms by 
means of windows or other suitable device on such 
side or sides. 

No frame buildings shall be erected, the least dimen- 
sions of more than 50 feet, unless the building is divid- 
ed by approved fire walls every fifty feet. 

This .shall not apply in the ease of corner lots fac- 
ing streets or avenues. 

In case comer lots are re-divided so as to front other 
streets or avenues than called for on original la.y-out, 
it shall lie unlawful to erect any dwelling thereon, un- 
less the re-divided lot shall have at least 3.000 square 
feet of area. 

Before any new building can be occupied, a certi- 
ficate must be obtained from the Sanitary Inspector, 
stating that the sanitary requirements have l)een com- 
])lied with and that the dwelling is fit for occupants. 

It shall be unlawful to use any rooms in office build- 
ings hereafter erected for living purposes, unless all 
requirements applying to apartment houses are com- 
plied with. 

All rooms in buildings used for sleeping purposes 
shall have at least 500 cubic feet of free air space per 

All rooms shall have window glass area, equal to at 
least 10 per cent, of the floor area. 

No building shall be erected in the residential dis- 
trict unless the foundation and wall of such building 
is situated at least twenty feet from the street line. 
In case of lots being subdivided differently from the 
original ]ilan as registered, the provision of this sec- 
tion shall apply to buildings constructed on such lots 
as subdivided. Provided, however, that any building 
erected on a comer lot or lots shall be kept back twen- 
ty feet from the .street or avenue on which other build- 
ings front, which are or ma.v be afterwards erected on 
the lots ui the said block according to the original 
plans as registered. Provided, if the MTitten consent 
of all the property owners in the block where the erec- 
tion is ]n-o]Hised is obtained, compliance with this sec- 
tion is not required. 

All pantries and cupboards for storage of food stuffs 
shall be ventilated either by a Avindow opening to di- 
rect outside air or light court, or directly connected to 
a vent of at least fift.v square inches in area. 

All buildings hereafter erected shall be equipped with 
a positive system of ventilation to the satisfaction of 
the Sanitary Department. 

All apartment houses and business blocks now or 
hereafter erected shall be provided with approved re- 
fuse and garbage receivers to the satisfaction of the 
Sanitary Department and placed as they may direct. 

Deeembor, 1012 



Carpentry and Woodworking 

Using Steel Square as Mitre 

A writer in a I'eeciil issue of Carpenter and linildei' 
Slave a sketch, which is liere reproduced, showini; how 
a steel square was used by a carpenter for a mitre 
bevi'l, while putting tog'etlu'r cabinet door trim, lie 

Using a steel square as a mitre. 

had a fence piece clamped on at the 12-inch mark and 
on each arm. This is not new in a way, but I had 
never seen it ajiiilied in that way before. 

Birch as a Door Material 

jiircli is being used extensively l)y the northern mill- 
work factories, and it is hard to distinguish cause 
from effect. "Whether birch has been a factor in 
spreading the fame and use of the veneered door, or 
whether the veneered door has been the gi-eatest fac- 
tor for providing a market for birch, is hard to say. 
People who want a mahogany interior without buy- 
ing mahogany have found that they can buy birch and 
get a very li'cely substitute. Oue of the chief con- 
sumers of birch has been the hotel architect, and many 
a "mahogany"' interior is due to the us-e of this wood. 
The laity is not able to distinguish between the imita- 
tion and the real, so far as mahogany is concerned, 
and, taking in a hotel interior at a glance, assumes 
that it is mahogany, when as a matter of fact it is 
only birch cleverly manipulated and artistically fin- 
ished. One thing in favor of birch and other mahog- 
any substitutes is the fact that they can be used in 
connection with actual mahogany furniture without 
the mill work and the furnishings appearing incongruous. 

Among men who design interiors it is a rather not- 
able fact that green seems to be the color most pop- 
ularly in use for carpets, draperies, etc., where ma- 
hogany or imitation mahogany is employed. Birch 
millwork, mahogany furniture and green carpets anel 
cur-tains present a sumptuous effect that is quiet and 
charming to the eye. 

Birch is, of course, not only wood that is being em- 
ployed in imitation of mahogany, for gum also is being 
used for some tine effects. Birch, however, is the pion- 
eer of this finish. In hotels built a decade ago one 
will find birch with a mahogany stain, while hotels now 
being erected will use birch or gum in mahogany imi- 
■ation, and it takes an expert eye to tell the difference, 

Birch also is being used e.\tcnsively in painted doors. 
.\ door which i.s- gaining ground is one with fir stiles 
and rails and birch panels. With this combination it 
is possible to prodtu-e a light and strong dooi' for 
liainting which can boast of very high quality. .\s 
a door and millwork nuiterial birch has certainly made 
place for itself, and a place that it shows every indica- 
tion of maintaining. — American Lumberman. 

Something New for Sash and Blind 

B\) Richard O. Newhaker 

Probably sonu> of you millmen have noticed long 
ago that the maunfactiu-e of blinds is not what it used 
to be. Especially is this true of the smaller cities and 
towns where tiowadays you hardly ever see a house 
erected that is equipped with outside blinds. 

Recently, while in a neighboring cit.v. I had occasion 
to visit an old carpenter, who, having had blinds on 
his windows had removed the slats and cut a rabbet 
% inch wide and 3/^ inch deep in the frame of the 
blind. In winter time he ptits glass in these Idind 
frames, they making a good outside window, protect- 
ing the house from cold and keeping the windows 
from freezing. 

In the warm weather season he removes the glass 
and puts his slats, wliich he has fitted in a frame to 
fit the rabbet he cut in the blind frames. 

Thus in an instant he can change from blinds to 
outside windows or windows to blinds. 

Wouldn't this be a good idea for some sash and 
blind manufacttirer to adopt? Given a good trial, it 
would siu'ely prove to become popular. — Wood Craft. 

Waterproofing Floors 

one method of securing a waterproof 
ay -l-inch pine with a top of %-inch 

In factories, 
riooring is to 

maple with an intermediate flooring of '^'g-inch pine 
The general practice is to lay the top flooring and the 
under-fldorina' the length of tlie building, while the in- 

dict iiud of waterprooting floor 



December, 1912 

termediate flooring is placed diagonally with ordinary 
building paper between. This form of construction 
prevents dust from going through, but does not effec- 
tively prevent water. 

To thoroughly waterproof an impervious felt. This 
waterjiroofing felt is placed between the top flooring 
and the intermediate flooring. Two sheets of this felt 
are customarily used, being cemented together with an 
elastic hot compound which snugly and tightly fills 
all nail points. Each sheet is lapped 19 inches over 
the preceding sheet of waterproofing, being turned up 
2 inches at walls and openings, and also around col- 
umns, pipes, etc. At times to insure results as each 
plank (if the top floor is laid the hot compound is 
spread under it and over the felt already in place mak- 
ing the joints between the top flooring itself practically 

Building in Vancouver 

The following English view of building conditions 
in Vancouver, B.C., appeared in the "Illustrated Car- 
penter and Builder," London, Eng. It covers wages 
and building conditions generally. 

At the present time there is plenty of work of all 
kinds going on in Vancouver, but there is no shortage 
of labor. In fact, I believe the supply more than 
meets the demand. The average wage of the different 
workmen is as follows : Laborers on buildings, $2.75 
per day (those working for the city in the making 
of roads, etc., get $3 per day) ; bricklayers, $6 per day; 
carpenters, $4.25; plumbers, $5; plasterers, $6; stone- 
masons, $6; painters, $4.25; electricians, $4. Work- 
men in the building trade work eight hours a day, 
four hours on Saturday. Tile settere get $6 per day 
and marble setters $6 per day. 

Living in British Columbia costs more than in the 
other Canadian provinces, and as a consequence wages 
are higher here. 

The age of the city of Vancouver is about twenty- 
five years, and it has made wonderful strides in every 
way; indeed, people coming to visit the city are sur- 
prised to find such a large and busy one. It is a very 
English city in appearance, but there are now two very 
hidi hnildings ranging round 260 feet, and one of these 



Piste -' 
Fig. 2 


is claimed to be the highest in the Empire; they are the 
World Building and the Burns' Block. Another high 
building is the Rogers' Block. Among the population 
are numbers of foreigners of all nationalities. They 
are mostly engaged in the rough laboring work. At 
this time of the year gangs of men are engaged making 
the roads and building sewers. The majority of the 
residences are of wood, so that numbers of carpenters 
are employed in building them. This does not imply 
that a lot more men are required, because at present 
there seems to be no scarcity of men. but still they are 
more in demand than other trades, and prospects for 
all are nnich l)etter out here than in the Old Country. 

The carpentry and joinery of some of the residences, 
and in some eases in the larger buildings, is not to be 
compared with English work. They do the work oiit 
here in such a way that it takes very little time to 
build a house. The majority are frame houses, built 
of studs or posts 2 in. by 4 in. or 6 in., 16-in. centers, 
and resting on a plate either 2 in. by fi in. or 2 in. by 
8 in., as shown in Fig. 1 of the sketches. 

But yon have no doubt seen an American building 
construction book. A point to be noted about these 
houses is that the house itself is in no way secure 
to the foundations. It simply rests on the concrete as 
showai. That is the reason one sees a house perhaps 
in the middle of the street being moved. I happened 
to see one shortly after my arrival here. A chimney 
stack was built inside the house right up the centre, 
but the moving did not seem to affect it. If a gale 
was to blow here, as in England, I am certain some 
of the houses would be blown over. 

The posts are placed on the plate and simply nailed, 
not let into the plate at all, but nailed as shown in 
Pig. 2. And what a job it looks, too. Joists are never 
tenoned to each other, but nailed as in Pig. 3; also 
they do not house the treads and risers, but do it as 
shown in Fig. 4. They cut a piece of Avood as bearers 
and nail the treads and risers to them. 

Prom this you will see why houses are built so much 
quicker than in England. They don't, however, last 
as long as a good, substantial English house. (As re- 
gards bricklaying, English bricklayers and stonemas- 
ons will be glad to know that their fellow English 
workmen out here are always praised for the good 
work they do. They all know nobody can beat the 
English bricklayer.) 

Architects preparing iilans do them on a quicker 
system than in England. Working drawings they do 
not color. The different materials are mai-ked each in 
a certain way, and a key is put on every sheet if re- 

Thus brick walls A, stone walls B, concrete C, and 
wood walls D. Blue prints are taken of the original 
tracings, and the blue prints are the contract draw- 
ings, not the original tracings. Coloring is done on 
occasions where «a sketch is required, or materials 
marked on a full-sized detail. Then more often a col- 
ored pencil is used. From this y(Ui will see how quick- 
Iv sets of drawings can be prepared. 

Fig. 1.— Water tulile const ruot.i(»n. 

Fig. 2.— Metliod of fastening post to'platc. 

Fig. 3.— .Arrangement of .joist. 

Fig. 4.— Showing niethcid of constructing stairs. 

December, 1912 



Brick Work, Concrete Work and Plastering 

The Use of Joints 

"Where a tinish is applied to a structural concrete 
floor slai) reinforced with steel throutrhout. and where 
every means are taken to bend the finish to the under- 
slab, there is no excuse for the line joint which is so 
generally used. It does not prevent cracks : it is only 
used because it is conventional. The first trouble ex- 
perienced with the concrete floor arises from the break- 
ing down of the edges of these joints, manifestly 
they therefore should be omitted. 

"Basement pavements should be laid in as large 
blocks as possible. A 10 x 10 block of 4-inch pavement 
laid on a good bottom is reasonably free from danger 
of cracking. Structurally, it is probably better to lay 
the floor continuously without joints and let cracks 
occur when they may." — Leonard C. AVason, President 
of the Aberthaw Construction Co.. Boston. 

Hardwall Plaster 

By R. Cate 

Hardwall plaster is a cement plaster made from 
calcined gypsum rock ground very finely, to which hair 
or other ingredients are added to obtain the proper 
plastic and working qualities. This plaster is shipped 
in bags, and is ready for nse as soon as mixed with 
sand and water. Hardwall plaster is mixed in exactly 
the same way as portland cement, the ]n-oportions for 
ordinary work being two of sand to one of plaster. 
On metal lath slightly less sand is nsed. and on brick 
walls the proportions are about three of sand to one 
of plaster. One ton of Hardwall (any standard brand) 
will cover between 250 and 300 yards. It will set up 
hard in from two to four hours, and dry in about 56 
to 60 hours, when it can be recoated with ordinary 
lime putty. 

Hardwall plaster may be i-ecoated sooner than this 
if prepared flnishing plastere are used. There are 
many points of advantage with the use of Hardwall 
over" ordinary lime mortar. For instance it is from 
four to ten times as strong as lime, it is uniformly 
mixed by machinery, and there is no danger of care- 
less or indifferent workmen spoiling it in the manner 
so common where lime is used and imjiroperly slacked. 
It being of a much denser nature than lime it is a 
better non-conductor of heat and cold. Hardwall plas- 
ter does not deteriorate when kept in stock as does 
lime. This is particularly true of wall plaster made 
from grey -gypsum rock. That made from the white 
gypsum i-ock will deteriorate considerably in about 
three to six months. On the other hand lime mortar, 
if exposed to the air, will become useless in a very 
short time. 

As an illustration of the class of work on which 
Hardwall plaster is used, would say that such build- 
ings as the Transportation Building, Montreal; the new 
C.P.R. Windsor Street Station, ^Montreal : Herald 
Building, Montreal: Shaughnessy Building. Montreal; 
the new C.P.R. Building. Toronto; Bank of Hamilton, 
Hamilton: and in fact almost every building of import- 

ance being piU uj) in large centi-es of Canada arc 
]ilastered with Hardwall Plaster. 

Used Extensively in the West. 

In the West practically all the plaster used is Hard- 
wall. There is another form of Hardwall plaster called 
Wood Fibre. This is made by adding wood pulp at 
the mill in place of sand. It is an even stronger and 
better plaster than the ordinary Hardwall, and is used 
in large quantities in all parts of Canada. Wood 
Fibre has the advantage that it can be finished up in 
oiu' coat, and while there is a large saving in time by 
the use of Hardwall over lime, there is still another 
saving in the use of Wood Fibre over ordinary Hard- 
wall. The price of Hardwall plaster per yard on the 
wall should be very little, if any higher, than that of 
lime mortar. In fact a number of dealers supply both 
at the same price, while others refuse to accept any 
contracts for lime mortar at all praferring to sujiply 
Hardwall plaster at the same price on account of the 
satisfaction in using it. 

•Of Alabastine'Co., Paris. Ont. 

How to Patch a Concrete Floor 

When a cement flooi' sui'faee begins to wear it is 
often desirable to patch it. Leonard C. Wason, presi- 
dent of the Aberthaw Construction Co., Boston, in a 
recent jiaper states the right way and the wrong way. 

The Wrong Way. 

Commonly a sand and cenient mortar is made, some 
cutting is done and the mortar is put in and scrubbed 
with a steel trowel until smooth. It is then covered 
up for a while. If the concrete under the patch is left 
dry it soaks up the water of the mortar. As a result, 
the mortar does not set. If the room is hot or dry, 
the surface of the patch dries out and for the same 
reason it does not set. If the concrete under the patch 
is dusty the patch does not adhere to the concrete. 
If the materials in the mortar are not suitable, natur- 
ally the patch wears badly, particularly as it is ob- 
viously located at a point of severe wear. 

The Right Way. 

Cut down the worn place at least one and a half in- 
ches. This cutting should be carried into the strong 
unbroken concrete and the edges should be cleanly un- 
dercut. The bottom of the cut should then be swept 
out, clean-blown out with compressed air or a pair of 
bellows, if available, then thoroughly wet and scrubbed 
with a broom. In this way, small loose particles of 
broken material which the chisel has driven into the 
surface are removed. A grout made of cement and 
water about the consistency of thin cream, should be 
scrubbed into the pores with a broom or brush, both 
at the bottom and sides of the cut. Following this a 
stift'er grout, about the consistency of soft putty, 
should be thoroughly compressed and worked into the 
surface, which has already been spread with grout. 
Finally, before the grout is set a mortar of one part 
cement to one part crushed stone or gravel, consisting 
of graded sizes from i/. inch down to the smallest ex- 
cluding dust, should be thoroughly mixed and put in 



December, 1912 

place then Hoated to a proper surface. Cover with 
wet bagging, wet sand, sawdust or other evailable ma- 
terial. All trucking should be kept off and the sur- 
face kept thoroughly wet for at least one week or ten 

If a particularly hard surface is reciuired. 6-penny 
nails are sometimes mixed with the mortar and other 
nails stuck into the surface wlieu tlie patch i.s finished. 
This will produce a surface which is extremely luird 
and durable. 

Stain for Pressed Brick Fronts 

A recent issue of tlie "Painters' Magazine" con- 
tained the following articles on a reliable stain for 
use on pressed brick fronts. "We have known of red 
brick stain that was made by mixing dry Venetian 
red with water into a pulp, pressing it through a sieve 
to break up lumps that formed in mixing, then adding 
enough stale ale or beer to make the stain of proper 
consistency. To each gallon of this mixture was added 
one-quarter pound of calcined green copperas (iron 
sulphate), previously beaten up with a portion of the 
stain to a thin batter. This is the mordant, or fixative, 
without which the stain would finally wash off from 
the effects of rain. The calcined copperas is produced 
by heating green copperas in an unglazed earthen pot 
or pan, thus driving off its water, under which process 
it falls into a dry whitish powder. 

"As a more durable and permanent stain, however, 
we would suggest the following: Take Venetian red 
that has been ground in pure linseed oil in stout paste 
form, or if the stain is to be of lighter shade a mixture 
of Venetian red and French yellow ocher, both ground 
fine in linseed oil, and beat up the paste with a small 
portion of a good turpentine .japan to a smooth semi- 
paste, gradually adding in small finantities, while stir- 
ring, a mixture of one part by measure of 90 degree 
benzol or good solvent coal-tar naphtha and four parts 
by measure of turpentine, until the proper consistency 
of stain is had. Sti'ain through cheesecloth and throw 
away the coarse partirdes, as these would remain on 
the sui'face and be of no benefit in sealing the pores of 
the brick. An excess of oil in the stain must be avoid- 
ed, as it is apt to produce shiners." 

Chimneys and Flues A Fable for Builders 

Last summer a good citizen of a certain town not 
over a hundred miles from almost everywhei-e, built 
a wooden house for a woman and her childi'cn. He 
built the chimney of brick because he had to. The 
chinniey was able to stand alone, so he did not have 
to iirop it with wood. But the flooi-s of the house 
would not stay up without props. The good citizen 
saved a dollar by using the chimney as a support to 
the floors. He nestled the ends of the floor joists nicely 
in the lirick of the chimney. He covered Tip the job 
and got his money. 

The rains fell and the winds blew in tlie most biblical 
>iianuer, and winter came after its fashion. The chim- 
ney settled a little; and there was a tiny crack. 

One morning the woman woke up with fire aU about 
her. She tried to get to her children. If she got to 
them no one ever knew it. The good citizen who built 
the house was not arrested for manslaughter. lie is 
building other houses of the same kind for other wo- 
men and children. 

He is making his living by it. — Courtesy National 
Fire Protection Association, Boston. 

Builders' and Contractors' Machinery and 

This is the title of an illustrated catalogue, No. 35. 
of 78 i)ages issued liy the Chicago Builders' Sjiecialties 
Co., 4o0 Old Colony Building, Chicago, 111. It shows 
the complete lines carried by this company including 
metal work of all kinds, metal lath, twisted steel bars, 
concrete mi.xers, hoists, derricks, cranes, pumps, gas 
engines, bar benders and cutters, car loaders, silo 
forms, sidewalk forms and tools, carts, etc. 

The plants of the Canada Cement Company at the 
present time are operating on an output of 8,000,000 
barrels a year, but with the extensions to present 
])lants and new t)iies being erected, the company ex- 
jjcct by the first of August of next year that there 
will have been an increase of 50 per cent, in output, 
bringing the total output for the year to over 12,000.- 
000 barrels. 

A fable foi" builders — 
The result of .i b.idly 
biiilt chiniiioy. 

December, 1912 



New Equipment and Supplies 


By F. Sturgeon, of Sturgeons, Limited, Toronto 

This covers an enormous field and we will first of 
.■ill (leal with those utili;:ed for exterior nse on lumber. 

The first essential for an external stain to be con- 
sidered is the veluele or carrier for the color. As when 

its ett'eet is enhanced many rimes. Tlie photographs 
shown demonstrate llie use of a large mass of one 
colored stain enhanced and lii'oiight out by simply tlie 
window sash and columns being painted white. 



"Peerless" Hangers and Fasteners 

In the following illustration are shown the api)lica- 
tions of Peerless hangers and fasteners, manufactured 
by Cowan & Britton, Gananoque. It will be seen that 
with a hanger such as that illustrated, the only o])er- 
ation when putting on storm windows or a full size 
screen is to hook it on. 

Many advantages are claimed for it, one beiuL;- that 
the storm window can be swung open to allow clean- 
ing of tlic window as shown in Fig. 1. Figs. 2 and -^ 

Parkdale Canoe Chib, Toronto, treated witli brown Solig- 
num. Thi^^ building would have looked very heavy if it had 
not i^een for the relief given by the white sash and the sup- 
port* to the verandah and doorfi all round the building. 40 
gallons were used on this buildintr. which had about bO 
s<tuares of shingles. 







fmxK"^ .-— --- -»T».ir-^'.-v< ^ 




■ '--y:. 



Tbisphotogi-aph represents one i.i itinu^andsof telephone cross-arms treated with Solignuui. 
This cross-arm was dipped in Snli^^-unni, allowed to stand for three days; it was then sawn 
in lialves and immediately iibolnpraphed. Note the penetration of Solignuni round the pin 
lioles and at either end. This is w here decay starts first— Solignnni goes in where needed. 

using a stain it is necessary to use something which 
will at the same time protect the wood, prevent its 
checking, splitting, warping and suffering generally 
from exposure to the elements, and, as a result, decay. 

Among all the various processes in iise to-day as 
preservatives for wood, the only one that stands out 
as commercially and practically possible is that in 
which the oils of coal tar (not wood creosote) are 
used, therefore we may accept the oils of coal tar as 
being the most suitable for the base of a satisfactory 
stain. Naturally it would not do to employ the light 
oils which woukl evaporate, therefore the heavy oils 
should be taken so that it remains with the wood, 
besides which the heavy oils contain the needed acids 
which form the preventive against the formation of 
decay or deterioration in the wood. Although some of 
the most beautiful dyes of various hues are obtained 
from coal tar. yet it is impossible to use them for ex- 
terior use because they will fade on exposure to the 
atmosjjhere in a few hours. It is therefore essential 
to utilize very special colors made from the finest 
metal pigments. Only the very best of colors will 
stand in such a base as coal tar oil. 

The cost of the material should lie judged by its 
covering power and penetration. Generally those that 
go the furthest are the ones to choose, because it 
means they are not volatile. A good color stain for 
outside woodwork shoidd cost somewhere between $1 
and $1.50 per gallon, and should cover 400 sq. ft. on 
dressed lumber and 150 sq. ft. on shingles when fin- 
ished. A stain and preservative may be well adapted 
to interior staining as because of its penetrating power 
it must of necessity show up the grain of the wood. 

The economy of a wood preserving stain is enor- 
mous, and when used in conjunction with a little paint 

A house on Carlaw Avenue, Toronto, measuring, without front or back 
3 verandahs, 22 x 30. All woodwork, including verandahs, window frames 
and shingles were treated with brown Solignum, the strapping and ver- 
andahs receiving two coats. Twelve gallons were used. The sash and 
verandah posts were painted with Paripan. Total cost of material was 
under §1.5. I inc of the chief points to be considered in treating a house 
in this way is the saving of up-keei). The Solignum would not require 
renewing for a number of years, and the Paripan enamel should be good, 
tor at least 8 years. 



December, 1912 

show how the storm window is hooked or unhooked. 
The hangers may be attached to any shape of window 
as shown in Figs. 4, 5 and 6. 

One important feature is that they allow ventilation 
even in stormy or wind.v weather. The storm sash is 
opened from the bottom and held open by the fastener 
shown in Fig. 7, which locks and holds it in position. 
The lower inside window is closed and tlk» top window 
pulled down. The air enters at the bottom of the 
storm window, flows up between the two and enters 
through the top. This arrangement also prevents the 
snow and rain blowing in when the window is open 
for ventilation. In the spring a screen may be sub- 
stituted for the storm sash. 

Builders' Hardware 

Did you ever size up a residence b.v the looks of the 
front door knob and lock? Of course .vou have, and 
so too have many others. Quite the most prominent 
thing about an entrance door is its hardware — the bell 
or knocker announcing your arrival, the lock giving 
safe security to those within and a knob to which the 
hand instinctively goes out. 

It seems needless then to say that the front door 
hardware is important. It is not onl.v the most promin- 
ent thing about the entrance door, it ma.v also be the 
most decorative, and by its appearance we have come 
— sometimes without knowing it — to "size up" the 
quality of the entire hoiLse. 

Aiui if this is true of the front door hardware, how 
much more true it is of the hardware trim on the 
inside of the house. The one feature that more than 
an.v other indicates the qualit.v of a residence is the 
builders' hardware that is used — a very small item 
of expense itself, amounting to less than two per cent, 
of the total cost of a dwelling even when the finest 

grade of hardware is used, the hardware trimmings 
are in such prominence that they dominate the entire 
structure. Cheap builders' hardware goes with a cheap 
house: high grade builders' hardware gives the entire 
interior the look of quality. For these reasons it is 
an exceedingly good investment to use high-grade 
hardware trimmings on all work. 

Development of Builders' Hardware. 

The great hardware concerns of America to-day have 
developed the mechanism of locks and catches, casement 
hardware and transom adjusters, etc. At the same 
time, the manufacturing processes have been so im- 
proved that the best in builders' hardware can now be 
afforded b.y all builders for all types of structures. 
In fact, even though the cost were far greater than 
it is, good builders' hardware would still be the only 
reall.v economical sort. 

And for this very reason, we suppose — namely, that 
the builders' hardware is such a relatively small item 
of the total cost of a building — the practice has been 
all too common of putting oft' the selection of the hard- 
ware until practicall.y everything else has been pro- 
vided for. When the builder "gets right up against 
it," he hustles out and picks up almost anything that 
looks like hardware — without giving it any thought 
or study. He spends the few dollars that are left, 
after most everything else has beeu arranged for. And 
the owner has to be satisfied as best he may. 

The object of this article is to impress carpenters, 
builders and architects with 'the importance of build- 
ers' hardware and the necessity of making an early 
and careful selection. 

Urge aiul advise the owner to make a large enough 
ai)prcipri;ition for this item so that real satisfaction can 
be had. The locks are the defence of the home, and 
the j)roper selection of the ornamental trim is an im- 



Fig. 2. 

Fig. 1. 

Fig. 5. 

Fig. 6. 

Fig. 7. 

December, 1912 



portaiit factor in the decorative treatment. The build- 
ers' hardware is in such prominence that it sets the 
style for the entire bnildiug. The builder's reputation 
is sure to suffer if he allows "any old thinix" to ho 
used. With Ijuihlei-s' hardware, as witli most other 
tiling pertaining to buildinij, "■quality is the only real 
economy. ' ' 

Some Styles in this Hardware. 

It is interesting to note some of the present day de- 
velopments in builders' hardware. There are styles 
here the same as in millinery or dress goods — though 
they come on more gradually and last longer. The 
tendency to-day in builders' hardware is decidedly 
toward simjilicity of outline and the return of Colonial 
standards. This is shown in the decreased demand 
for ornate designs The substitution of handles with 
thnmb-latehes, instead of knobs, and the increased use 
of glass knobs on inside doors are both decidedly 
Colonial features. There is also a growing demand 
for the simple finishes, as the old brass, dull brass and 

The popularity of easement windows has brought 
special casement hardware into prominence ; and, at 
the same time, the ingenuity shown by the hardware 
people in designing sash adjusters, easement locks and 
bolts, etc., has augmented the popularity of this style 
of window. We must mention, however, in passing, 
that a whole lot has yet to be learned by the carpen- 
ters and builders, not to mention the planing mill men, 
about making and hanging casement windows so that 

the hardware can be put on antl operated satisfactor- 
ily. Yes, even the architects have sonu'thing yet to 
learn about this, as many a practical hardware man 
can testify to his sorrow. This is an important sub- 
ject and deserves study. This articles is from Amer- 
iian Cariieiiter aiid Builder, and we are indebted to 
the Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co., St. Catharines, 
manufacturers of builders' hardware, for the illustra- 

A New Book of Plans 

The IMetal .Shingle i& Siding Comiiany of Preston, 
Ontario, are now issuing a new book of barn plans, 
copies of which will be sent free to subscribers of The 
Canadian Builder. 

'Mr. A. A. Gilmore, who is at the head of the Archi- 
tectural Department of the above concern, is an ex- 
pert in barn construction, being the originator of the 
Plaidv Frame in Canada. Mr. Gilmore has for years 
lieen giving the result of his researches to the Cana- 
dian farmer through the columns of the rei)resenta- 
tive farm papers of the country, answering their build- 
ing questions and giving advice. Being backed by the 
Metal Shingle & Siding Company, Mr. Gilmore is now 
better able to eo-operate with local builders in getting 
out special plans, estimates, and specifications. 

It is the intention of the above concern to give Mr. 
Gilmore 's services free to all of their customers dur- 
ing the next year. A card to the firm telling your oc- 
cupation will bi'iiig tlic plans free. 

I hawtT liaiitUe. 

Tlie iMiilileiii of the 

n.P.U.E. is on 

this design. 


Design suitable for 
Masonic luiildiiig. 

A neat liou e 

Door look. 



Courthouse design 

with seal of 




December, 1912 

Large Sheet Metal Firms ^are Consolidated 

One of the most important develoiJiueuts of the year iu the 
metal trades was the completion of arrangements for consoli- 
dating The Metal Shingle and Siding Co.. and A. B. Ormsby Co., 
together with the Canadian interests of the United States 
Metal Products Co. of Xew York. 

The Metal Shingle and Siding Co., are manufacturers of 
herringbone lath, metal roofings, sidings, ceilings, portable steel 
garages, steel buildings and other lines of sheet metal luiilding 

A. B. Ormsby Co. have specialized in the manufacture of 
fireproof doors and windows, Ualamined doors and trim, for 
interior finish, skylights, ventilators, factory sash, etc. 

The United States Metal Troducts Co. are one of the largest 
manufacturers in the United States of sheet metal fireproofing 
materials and control many Canadian patents co\ering revolving 
doors, solid steel and hollow metal doors and trim, hollow bronze 
and bronze covered doors and kindred lines. 

The consolidation will comprise the plants located at Mon- 
treal, Preston, Toronto, Winnipeg and Saskatoon. A new 
charter has been secured for increasing the capitalization of 
the business, and the consolidation will facilitate tue addition 
of new departments to the business. (.)ne of the most im- 
portant developments which the new company has in view is 
the erection of a large new plant for the manufacture of solid 
steel doors and trim, hollow bronze and bronze covered doors, 
revolving doors, industrial sash and other high grade materials. 
The Directors of the new company will be C. Dolph, Preston; 
A. B. Ormsby, Toronto; A. K. Cameron, Montreal; H. C. 
Randall, New York, and J. D. Murdoch. Simcoe. 

C. Dolph, the President of the consolidated companies, se- 
cured his early business training with Clare Bros., stove manu- 
facturers, Preston, Out. About fifteen years ago he organized 
the Metal Shingle and Siding Company when the sheet metal 
industry was a small thing compared with its present propor- 
tions. The factory at Preston commenced operations with a 
staff of four men but under Mr. Dolph "s management grew 
very rapidly until the Metal Shingle and Siding Co., with its 
plants at Preston, Montreal and Saskatoon, became recognized 
as one of the leading companies manufacturing sheet metal 
building goods in Canada. 

A. K. Cameron joined the sales staff of The Metal Shingle 
and Siding Co. in 1SI04 and showed such marked ability that 
when the company decided to open a new factory in Montreal 
Mr. Cameron was appointed to manage it. This was six years 
ago and the wisdom of the selection of Mr. Cameron as Mon- 
treal manager has been shown in the expansion of the firm's 
business. Mr. Cameron has always eujoyeil the confidence of 
the management of the company and his counsel and advice has 
materially assisted in the success of the business, and as a 
director of the new company he will be given ample scope for 
his energy and ability. 

A. B. Ormsby is one of the best known men among the 
architectural sheet metal workers in Canada. Twenty-five years 
ago Mr. Ormsby established his business for the manufacture of 
fireproof doors and windows. He was the pioneer of this in- 
dustry in Canada, and The A. B. Ormsby Co., under his guid- 
ance has fulfilled many , of the most important contracts let in 
Canada for the manufacture and installation of fireproof doors 
and windows, kalamined doors, and other sheet metal fireproof 

The Montreal branch of the consolidated companies will spe- 
cialize on expanded metal, structural steel metal work, metal 
windows, steel ceiling work, skylights and kindred lines. It 
will be under the direct charge of A. K. Cameron who has man- 
aged the Montreal end of the business since it was established 
in ]906. 

The Toronto plant, which will be under the management of 
A. B. Ormsby, will thus have the advantage of his long ex- 
perience in the fireproof door and window business. With the 
increased facilities which are being jdanned for the Toronto 
factory and the new lines which are being added, this plant will 
be in a jiosition to furnish promptly all of the lines formerly 
manufactured as well as new ones. 

The head office of the company will continue to be in Pres- 
ton and the factory at that point will Ije under the management 
of Mr. Dolph, the president of the conifjany. At this plant the 
firm's well est.ablished line of metal shingles, sidings, corru- 
gated sheets, etc., will be produced. The enlargement of the 
Preston plant for the manufacture of several new lines will be 
proceeded with in the near future. 

The Winnipeg branch will be in charge of Mr. C. Bordman 
and will continue its present lines, such as fireproof doors and 
windows, metal cornices, skylights, etc. 

In joint charge of the Saskatoon branch will be Messrs. 
Charleboise and Mo>ier. It will manufacture cornices, skylights. 

steel granaries, roofing, sidings and similar lines and will also 
act as distributing agents for the company's other lines. 

Selling agencies will be established in all the important cities 
in the Dominion. 

The new company is fortunate in having associated with it 
the United States Metal Products Co. of New Y'ork, a company 
which is one of the largest iu the United States, manufacturing- 
revolving doors, solid steel and hollow metal doors and trim, 
hollow bronze and bronze covered doors, factory sash and 
kindred lines. This company will ecjuip the Canadian factory 
with an up-to-date plant for the manufacture of the above lines 
and will furnish comjietent engineers and estimators to assist 
in securing business, thus giving the Canadian company the 
benefit of the ex|ierimental work which they have for years 
carried on in the United States. They will also lend the new 
com]>any their co-operation in every way possible to develop 
the Canadian field. 

Season's Greetings to Our Readers 

Christiiia.s cdiucs at mitliiiylit wlu'U tlio dark shadows 
move like ghosts of the past. No polar lights that 
shine in the north ean be more lonesome than the man 
without a friend at Christmas. Nor can there be any- 
thing more desolate than the man sitting alone before 
the fireplace, or the lone woman listening to the (Christ- 
mas carols over the snow-laden winds — Peace on Earth. 

To onr readei's we wish at this Chri.stmastide, ,ioy- 
ons comradeship and the satisfaction of a season's 
-work well done. Canada holds gTeat things in stoi'e 
for the man who bnilds on sure foundations, for those 
who "do things." May each house erected be a monu- 
ment to the far-sightedness and good workmanship of 
Canadian builders. May you share in the growth that 
Canada is enjoying at the present time — and may you 
never want a friend. 

The Architect's Specification and the Builder 

After reading the architects' specifications over care- 
fully, ask if there is anything to do that the specifica- 
tions do not give. This will often save controversy 
later, as to whether or not you should do some work 
which was not mentioned in the specifications, but 
may have been shdwn in the jilans, or not even shown 
in the plans. 

There may be storm doors, storm sash, hall and win- 
dow seats and other things of which the specifications 
give no hint. Again there may be mantles which are 
to be put up by the owner. This should be stated in 
the woodworker's specifications, and if the.v have not 
been finished at the factory, you'll jirobably be re'- 
quested to finish them without jiay. Thus it pays to 
look over all the specifications. 

When working from architects" specifications, make 
a human interrogation point of yourself. It will jiut 
vdu (in tile safe side. It will pay. 

The Huilding lns|,cctor's annual report shows a re- 
markable growth in Hamilton this last year. It shows 
that 50 firms have taken out permits for new factories 
or factory extensions to the value of $1,23-1,230, Twelve 
new factories with an invested ca])ital of over two 
million dollars have located here during the past year. 
The building permits to October 31, 1912, are 1,356 
])ermits, value $5,011,800, show an increase of 148 per- 
mits, value $1,127,170, over the same period for 1911. 
The population of the city, 90,000, shows an increase 
of 8,000 for the last twelve months. The assessment 
for 1912 of $r)7,113,Sf57 shows an increase of $14,303,- 

December, 1912 


A Mile of Barrett Specification Roofs 

The wonderful Bush Terminal in Brooklyn. New York, illustrated below, includes 181 buildings comprising tremendous 

warehouses, enormous pier sheds (or docking ocean steamers, huge factory buildings, a large modern power house 

and an enormous freight structure. 

These buildings stretch for a mile along New York harbor. Their total tool area is 3.100,000 square feet more 

than seventy acres. 

This entire area was covered with Barrett Specification type of roofs, for the followmg reasons : 

1 . Low first cost. 

2. No maintenance expense, such as painting, etc. 

3. They are not injured by steam, gases and acid fumes. 

4. They are tire retardent and take the base rate of insurance. 

5. The net unit cost, that is, the cojt per fool per year of service, is lower than that of any other type. 

.'Xlthough some of the buildings are fifteen years old, the roofing contractor stales that the expense for maintenance of 
this entire roof area has been less than $10.00. He estimates that if metal or ready roofings had been used, it would 
have been impossible to keep the buildings free from leaks and that the painting bill alone up to date would probably 
have amounted to at least $50,000.00. 

We wrote to the Bush Terminal Company, asking what they thought about Barrett Specification Roofs. The Vice- 
President replied : 

"We use this kind of roofing because our experience has shown it to be the best and cheapest. Our analysis 
of first cost of apphcation and cost of maintenance entitles us to ipeak with some measure of authority. 

We shall be pleased to mail architects, engineers or owners of buildings copy of the Barrett Specifications with diagrams 
from which blue prints can be made. Address our nearest office. 


Montreal Toronto Winnipeg \ancouver St. John, N.B. I Ialifax, N.S. 


We advise incor- 
porating into plans 
the full wording of 
The Barrett Speci- 
fication, in order to 
avoid any mii- 

If any abbreviated 
form is desired, 
however, the fol- 
lowing i* lug- 
gested : 

Shall be a Barrett 
Specification Roof 
laid as directed in 
printed Specifica- 
tion, revised Aug. 
I 5. 1911. using 
the materials speci- 
fied, and subject to 
the inspection re- 



December, 1912 

Price List of Building Materials Revised to Date 

Hemlock Lumber 

2 X 4 in. to 2 X 12 in., 8 to 14 ft.. 

2 X 4 in. to 2 X 12 in., 16 ft 

2 X 4 in. to 2 X 12 in., 18 ft 

1 in. Hemlock No. 1 

No. 1 hemlock decking 

No. 2 hemlock dimension and 1 in. 


1 in. common pine, 8 to 12 in. wide, rough 

2 in. white pine, bill stock 

Vs X 8 and 10 in. pine shelving 

% X 12 pine shelving 

No. 1 white pine flooring 

No. 1 spruce flooring 

No. 1 pine decking, D2S 

Spruce pine decking 

No. 1 pine V. or beaded sheeting 

No. 2 pine V. or beaded sheeting 

Pine Trim for Paint Finish 

4 in. casing, jier lUU ft 

5 in. casing, per 100 ft 

8 in. pine base, per 100 ft 

10 in. pine base, per 100 ft 

4 in. pine window stool, ]ier 100 ft 

Shingles, Lath Roofing, Etc. 

XXX B. C. cedar shingles 

N. B. Extras 

N. B. Clears 

No. 1 pine lath 

No. 2 pine lath 

No. 1 spruce lath 

Metal lath 

Roofing Felt (2 ply) 

Cedar Posts — Fence 

5 iu. at small end 

7 in. at small end 


Nails, wire, common 

Nails, cut, common 

Sash weights, cast iron 

Tarred felt paper 

Building paper 

Insulating paper 

Brick, Tile, Terra Cotta, Sewer Pipe 

No. 1 dry pressed red brick 

No. 1 dry pressed buff bricks 

Red stock bricks 

Grey stock bricks 

Wire cut bricks for foundation work . . . 

Porous terra cotta bricks 

No. 1 enamelled bricks, all colors, from 

Fire brick 

Roofing tile 

Sewer pipe, 4-inch 

Sewer pipe, 6-inch 

Cement, Plaster, Stone, Etc. 

Cement (bags extra) 

Sand, for cement or brick work 


Hydrated lime 

Mortar color 

Plaster of paris 

Crushed stone, 2 in 

Crushed stone, 1 in 

Crushed stone, % in 

Hardwa 11 plaster 


Hair (plaster) 




$27.00 to 30.00 
29.00 to 33.00 
36.00 to 40.00 




5c. foot 
7c. foot 

$2.35 base keg 
2.55 " " 
1.50 per 100 lbs. 

.40 roll 

.30 roll 





l.SO bbl. 

1.00 toil 

5.00 bbl. 


1.50 ton 


$12.50 neat 

6.00 sanded ton 

1.85 ton 
.03 per lb. 



23.00 to 25.00 
17.00 to 20.00 

$27.00 to 30.00 
29.00 to 33.00 
36.00 to 40.00 
31. (X) 


$3. 75 per M 

4.75 per M 

.25 each 
.35 each 

$2.40 cwt. 

$18.00 per M 
80.00 to 150.00 

$1.90 bag 
1.15 a yard 
.30 cwt. 
10.00 ton 
black, 3' i; red, I'/, 
3. 10 bbl. 
$12.00 neat 
6.00 sanded 

.04 lb. 


$4.00 & 3.50 per M 

5.75 per M 

.15 to .19 
2.50 per roll 

$3.70 per keg 

.90 per roll 

$25.00 to 50.00 
25.00 to 50.00 

$1.5.00 per M 

.15 per ft. 

.08>^ per ft. 

AGyi per ft. 

$2.50 per bbl. 

1.75 a yard 
.32 per bu. 
12.00 per ton 
.05 per lb. 

4.00 per bbl. 

2.75 per yard 


12.50 per ton 

1.85 per yard 
1.25 per bale 


$2.10 & 2.00 per M 
2.75 per M 

$3.25 per keg 

.62^2 per roll 

$45.00 per M 


.15 per ft. 

$3.25 per bbl. 

1.35 per bbl. 
4.25 per bbl. 

4.25 per bbl. 

15.00 p«r ton 
1.5.00 per ton 


We would be glad to have suggestions from readers as to the extension or modification of this list. 

December, 1912 



Easy Set 
of Store 

are absolute- 
ly the best on 
the mcirket. 

and see for 

Aak for 


yVaJS B 


Vx Full Si^e 

This is our 
Ordi nary 
No. 15 B 
Divid ing 

Our No. 1 5 
A reinforced 
Dividing Bar 
— note the 
steel rein- 
No broken 
plates where 
this bar is 

tMTlQNAl. UI.W- 

Our No. 1 5 A Bar vkTlJ cany the largest plates 
without danger of breakage from vibration or 
wind pressure. 

The Consolidated Plate Glass Co. 

of Canada, (Limited) 

Winnipeg TORONTO Montreal 

Wrought Iron Balconies 

Porch Railings Stair Railings 

Fire Escapes 

Builders' Iron and Wire Work 

Send for Catalogues 

Dennis Wire & Iron Works Co. 

London, Ont. Limited 

Toronto Branch - 36 LOMBARD STREET 














Plate, Window, Figured, Stained, Wired, Bent, Mirror 
and Ornamental Glass 

British Made 


the product of 

King Brothers, Limited 

Stourbridge, Elngland 

Proprielori of Stourbridge Clayt 

Reds, Buff, Stone, Grey and all colors, gleized and unglazed 

Eslimaics on application bv 

The Toronto Plate Glass Importing Co. 

Tel. M. 3877 Don Roadway, Toronto Limited 

Standard 3>6eci[ Ware 

To those contemplating building whether it be a home, an 
office building or other premises where sanitary appoint- 
ments are necessary, the question of perfect sanitation is 
considered the most serious one. In Standard Ideal 
Ware you have the only absolutely sanitary ware made 
anywhere in the world — and that beyond cavil or dispute. 

Write for Handiomt Booklet, "Artistic Sanitation in the Homt" 

Head Office and Works: Port Hope, Ontario 
Branche*: Toronto Montreal Winnipeg Vancouver 



December, 1912 



Asbestos Mfg. Co., Montreal. 

Asbestos Goods 

Asbestos Mtg. L'o., .MoTitreal. 

Alabastine Co., Paris, Out. 

Automatic Gas-Steam Boilers. 
Consumers ' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Bath Tubs. 
Standard Ideal Co.. Port Hope, Ont. 

Beaded Sheets. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Burial Vault Molds. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Standard Ideal Co., Port Hope, Ont. 

Ceilings, Metal. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 
Ceilings and Walls, Embossed Steel. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 

Colors for Concrete. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Concrete Block Machines. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Wettlaufer Bros., Toronto. 

Concrete Brick Machine. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Wettlaufer Bros., Toronto. 

Concrete Sill, Lintel and Dimension 
Stone Machines. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Concrete Mixers. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Wettlaufer Bros., Toronto. 

Concrete Tile Machines. 
Wettlaufer Bros., Toronto. 

Concrete Reinforcements. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 
Cornices, Galvanized or Copper. 
Gait Art Meta. Co., Gait, Ont. 

Corrugated Sheets (Asbestos) 

AsbestCi Mf),'. Co.. 

Corrugated Sheets (Steel) 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Presti.n, 

Curb Stone Machines. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Duncan Electrical Co., Montreal. 

Daylight Eods. 
Consolidated Plate (ilass Co., Toronto. 

Ideal Concrete Matliincry Co., London, 

Canada Lumber Co., Toronto. 
L A. DeLaplante, Limited, Toronto. 
Georgian Bay Shook Mjlls, Limited, 
Midland, Ont. 

Door Trimmings. 

Metal .Shingle & Siding- Co., Preston, Out. 

Drinking Fountains. 
Standard Ideal Co.. Port Hope, Ont. 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Eave-Trough and Conductor-Pipe. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Electrical Specialties. 
Duncan Electrical Co., Montreal. 

Expanded Metal. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 

George B. Meadows, Toronto. 

Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Fire Escapes. 
George B. Meadows, Toronto. 
Fireproof Windows. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Flooring, Hardwood. 
Georgian Bay Shook Mills, Midland. 

Floor Scrapers. 
Fox Supply Co., Brooklyn. Wis. 
Hurley Machine Co., Limited, Toronto. 

Forge and Rivet Heaters. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Galvanized Chain Pumps. 
Jletal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston. 

Galvanized Iron Cornices. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Galvaniied Tanks. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Gas Blow Pipes. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Gas Engines. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Gas Furnaces. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Gas Lighting Appliances. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Gas Fixtures. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Gas Piping. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Gas Ranges. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 
Gas Water Heaters. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

George B. Meadows, Toronto. 

Consolidated Plate Glass Co., Toronto. 

Glue Pot Heaters. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Granite (Crushed) 

Sand & Supplies, Toronto. 
Double Claw Ham.ner Co., Brooklyn, 

Lewis Bros.. Montreal. 

Hand Scrapers. 
Fox Supply Co., Brooklyn, Wis. 

Herringbone Lath. 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Wettlaufer Bros., Toronto. 
Standard Ideal Co., Port Hope, Ont. 

Interior House Finish. 
L. A. DeLaplante, Limited, Toronto. 
Georgian Bay Shook Mills, Midland, 

Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 

Laundry Tubs. 
Standard Ideal Co.. Port Hope, Ont. 


Canada Lumber- Co., Tixonto. 

Metal Roofing and Siding. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 

Mortar Gauges. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

L. A. DeLaplante, Limited, Toronto. 
Georgian Bay Shook Mills, Limited, 

Ornamental Iron Work. 
George B. Meadows, Toronto. 
Ornamental Molds. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Alabastine Co., Limited, Toronto. 

Plaster Corner Bead. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Plaster Paris. 
Alabastine Co., Paris, Ont. 
Plumbing Goods. 
Standard Ideal Co., Limited, Port Hope. 

Alabastine Co., Paris, Ont. 

Wettlaufer Bros., Toronto. 

George B. Me.idows, Toronto 

Receptacles (Electrical). 
Ouncan Electrical Co., Montreal. 

Ridge, Galvanized. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Asbestos Mfg. Co., Montreal. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Patterson Mfg. Co., Limited. Toronto. 

Sand and Gravel 

Sand & Supplies, Toronto. 

L. A. DeLaplante, Limited, Toronto. 
Georgian Bay Shook Mills, limited 
Midland, Ont. 

Scraper Knives. 
Fox Supply Co., Brooklyn, Wis. 

Fox Supply Co., Brooklyn, Wis. 
Hurley Machine Co., Toronto. 

Scraper Sharpening Device. 
Fox Supply Co , Brooklyn, Wis. 

Seats, Implement. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 

December, 1912 




Sewer Pipe Molds. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 

Sockets, Brass and Porcelain. 
Duncan Klcx-trical Co., Montreal. 

Soil Pipe. 
Standard Ideal Co.. Port Hope, Out. 

Soil Pipe Fittings. 
Standard Ideal Co.. Port Hope, Ont. 

Soldering Iron Heaters. 
Consumers' Gas Co., Toronto. 

Shingles, Galvanized Steel. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait. Out. 

Shingles, Metal. 
Metal Sliiiijjie & .Sidint; Co., Pn-stoii, Oiil. 

Georgian Bay Shook Mills, Midland, 

Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 

Sinks (Kitchen and Wash). 
Standard Ideal Co.. IVirt Hope, Out. 

Spanish Rooting Tile Machines. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Vai., London, 

Stairs, Iron. 
George B. Meadows. Toronto 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Steel Buildings and Garages. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Steel Ceilings and Walls. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Out. 

Stone (Crushed) 

Sand & .Supplies, Torooto. 

Store Front Bars. 

Consolidated Plate Glass (.'u., Toioiito- 
Terra Cotta. 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, Toronto Plate Glass Iriiportiiig Co., To- 


Sidewalk Prisms. 
Consolidated T'late Glass Co., Toronto. 

Siding, Steel. 
Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 

Sill and Cap Molds. 
Ideal Concrete Machinery Co., London, 



Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Standard Ideal Co.. Port Ilojic, Ont. 

Valley, Galvanized. 
Melal Shingle cS; .SIdinif Co., Preston, Ont. 

"V" Crimp Roofing and Siding. 

Metal Shijigic & Siding Co., Prestoi 

Gait Art Metal Co., Gait, Ont. 
Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Wall Plugs. 

Ideal (Joucrete Macliiuery Co., London 

Wall Coating. 

-Mabastine Co., J'aris, Ont. 
Ideal CJoncrete ilacliiucry Co., London, 

Watering Bowls for Stock. 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Window Trimmings. 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co., Preston, 

Wire Work. 
George B. Meadows, Toronto. 


Elliot Woodworker Co., Toronto. 
Parks Ball Bearing Machine Co., Cincin- 
nati, Oiiio. 

Knowledge is Power 

The Man that knows and knows that 
he knows is wanted everywhere. 

Why Not Be That Man? 

A little studying of the right kind of books during the coming Winter months and 
you will be surprised at the results. 

We have just the books that you want, as we have the largest stock in Western 
Canada on Building, Carpentry, Concrete ; the latest and newest ideas are in 
these books. 

117 C'|-/v/%l»- Architect's and Builder s Pocket Book, hy Kidder — Richey's 
>JCW>IV Building Foremen's Pocket Book and Ready Reference. 

Send Postal for list of books 
and prices. 

Full line of Drawing Instruments and Materials 
Engineer's and Architect's Supplies 

John A. Hart Co. Wdntyre Block, Winnipeg 

Five Reasons for Subscribing to The Canadian Builder 

It publishes plans of actual buildings suitable for erection by the average builder. It aims at raising the 
standard of the trade in Canada. It contains items of practical value in every department of the trade. 
It furnishes special articles by leading experts every month. It gives news of Builders' Exchanges 
throughout the country. 



December, 1912 

Everything in 



Phone: Garry 3182 


602 Main Street 


Build Your Own Way Up! 

Every brick you lay. every stone you cut. every plank you saw. is building another 

man's success! Get the knowledge that will promote you higher and higher in yout 

trade— that vv^ll make you the contractor- the owner instead of an ordinary workman. 

Our home study couraea give you this knowledge in a short time ! 

Chicago Technical College SZh:^^ s.3; Builders' Course 

In Plan Reading. Estimating, Architectural Drawing, 
House Planning. General Contracting. Etc. 

Thorough courses. Students study plans of buildings actually being constructed. Your 
work approved by ieadmg Chicago contractors and architects. Complete outfit supplied 
free to students. 

Low tuition. Study at home in leisure hours. Remember the home study work is the 
same as in our college day and evening classes. We give both resident and correspond- 
ence courses. State which you want. Mark and mail the coupon NOW while you 
think of it I Chicaso Technical College. 703 Athenaeum Bid.. Chicago. U.S.A. 

Chicago Technical CoIRkc, 703 Athenaeum Bid;;., Chicago, III. 

(jentlenien: I liave niaiked with a cross; (X) the branch or branches I am inter 
ested in. Please tell me how 1 can qualify for a well-paying position. 

D Architectural Drafting i 

D Builders' Course 

D Estimating 

D Plan Reading 

n House Planning 

D Building Superintendence 

n General Contracting 

D Structural Drafting 

D Structural Design 

n Mechanical Drawing 

G Machine Drafting 

D Machine Design 

Name Address . 

Town „ _ State.. 

Resident or Home Study Course- - ^ 

How about your Education? 

Don't you think you should improve it during' 
the winter months? 


Cor. Portage Ave. and Edmonton St. 
Winnipeg, Man. 

Gives complete courses in Accounting, Mathematics, 
Shorthand, Typewriting and all Engflish subjects 


Write, call or telephone M 1664 for full particulars 

CALGARY, 1913 



December, 1912 



Quality in Elec- 
trical Supplies is 

insured by this trade 
mark and we stand 
behind every piece of 
goods that bears it. 

The Duncan 





Lighting the Home 

THERE is no home like the well lighted home. Up-to- 
date gas lighting; means all the light }Ou want for reading; 
writing, sewing, or for general illumination purposes at little 
cost. Gas lighting to-day is the cheapest and best of modern 
illuminants. A single gas lamp gives nearly 100 candlepower 
of clear, powerful light — all you require for a large room — at 
a cost of only one-third of a cent per hour. Think of it — to 
read, write or study all evening without fear of eye strain, 
nerve strain or purse strain. The Gas Company's exhibit of 
fixtures has been chosen with the fact in mind that everyone 
should have something that will thoroughly satisfy him in both 
service and appearance. Beautiful chandeliers abound on every 
side, and it is but a matter of a few moments to select just 
exactl}' what you need. Architects are asked to specify Gas 
Piping in every modern home. Consultations free. Toronto 
business only, but no restrictions are imposed on anj- out of 
town person desiring information on what constitutes good gas 

The Consumers' Gas Company 

12-14 Adelaide Street West 
Telephone Main 1933 




December, 1012 







Write for Full Particulars 



Builders' Supplies 

Water Washed Sand 

Pit Sand 

Screened Gravel 
Pit Run 

Crushed Limestone 

Crushed Granite 

Call Adelaide 1947 
For Information Regarding 
Prices and Deliveries 

Prompt Allenlion Given 
All Orders 


Toronto Supplies Ltd. ^'''^^^■^^ 

Index to Advertisements 

Alabastine Company, Limited i.f.c. 

Batts, Limited, Toronto i.b. c. 

Canadian Builder Book Dept 8 

Chicago Technical College, Chicago, 111 82 

Consumers' Gas Co. 
Consolidated Plate Glass Co. . 

Dennis Wire & Iron Works Co. 

Double Claw Hammer 

L. A. DeLaplante, Limited . . . . 
Duncan Electrical Co 







Elliot Woodworker Co 

Fox Supply Company, Brooklyn, Wisconsin 7 

Gait Art Metal Co 34 

Georgian Bay Shook Mills 3 

John A. Hart Company 31 

Hurley Machine Co 10 

Geo. B. Meadows i.f.c. 

Metal Shingle & Siding Co 4-5 

Monarch Manufacturing Co 7 

J. L. Neilson & Co 32 

Oshkosh Manufacturing Co 6 

Parks Ball Bearing Machine Co,^ Cincinnati 6 

Paterson Manufacturing Company ... 27 

Sand & Supplies Limited 34 

.Standard Ideal Co. , Limited 29 

Stinson-Reeb Builders' Supply Co 9 

Sturgeons Limited 10 

Success Business College 32 

Toronto Plate Glass Importing Co 29 

Weber Manufacturing Co., West Allis, Wis 7 

December. 1012 


Batts Doors are Reliable Doors 


Our Columus Newels Balusters and Interior Finish will give 
entire satisfaction as you will be convinced by a trial order. 

We are in a position to give prompt delivery in all stock goods. 

Design B.L. 

No. 1 





4 feel 

Price $2.25 



5 feet 

Pnce 2.40 



6 feel 

Price 1^'^ 



8 feet 

Price 3.10 



9 feet 

Price 3.50 



10 feet 

Price 3.75 



Builders allowed 1 discount on above 

8. I0andl2in. 


B.L. No. 314. '.-Cut Oak 

Sizes in Stock l-Cut Oak Pine 

2ft. 8in. x6ft. 8in.-l'4in. Price $8.50 $4.00 

2ft. lOin. x6ft. lOin.— l=4in. Price 8.50 4.25 

3ft. Oin. x7ft. Oin. — lUin. Price 9.00 4.50 

Our 1912-13 Catalogue sent upon request. 


Design B.L. No. 6 

Length I Oin. 

6 feet Price $6.80 

8 feet Price 8.70 

9 feet Price 9.25 
10 feet Price 9.60 






368 to 400 Pacific Avenue 




December, 1912 

^. interest to 
Present Advertisers 
and Future Advertisers 
in The Canadian Builder 




^^nt^. '^«', 


f]| The paid circulation of this issue of The Canadian 
Builder and Carpenter is 5,000. 

The paid circulation 8 months ago was less than 

Cj This indicates in a very practical way how popular 
this paper has become with builders and carpenters 
in Canada. 

%n The letters we have received from advertisers telling 
of the very satisfactory results they have had from 
their advertising shows that subscribers read the 
advertisements as well as the reading matter. 

l| If you have something to sell to builders and 
carpenters in Canada, advertising in The Canadian 
Builder and Carpenter will pay you well. One 
advertiser in the paper states that most of the business 
he has had dunng the past summer has come directly 
through his advertising in The Canadian Builder. 

The Commercial Press, Limited 

32 Colborne St., Toronto